Khao Lak-Lamru National Park, Phangnga, Thailand: covers parts of
Takua Pa, and Phang-nga Town
(Muang in Thai) districts, and lies about 33 kms. south of Takua Pa Town on Route 4.
In the past this national park
is only the sea shore forest park of Khao Lak, until Mr. Somchit Suksanga, village chief of Mu 3, Kapong sub-district, Kapong,
Phang Nga, had proposed to the assistant minister of agricultural and cooperative on September 26,
1984 for considering to declare the forest of Amphoe Ka Pong and nearby forest to be the conservation forest for
conserving the origin or source of water of Phang Nga province which still be
the perfect forest and has a lot of wild animals.
Moreover, this area still has a colorful tourist attraction, especially many small waterfalls.
This area became the 66th national park on August 30, 1991 namely "Khao Lak -Lam Ru Natitonal Park
and covers 125 square kilometer.
Guesthouses are available in the park's headquarter and
hotel accommodation and resorts can be found in the
General geograhy consists of many moutains such as Lak mountain, Lam Ru mountain,
Sang Tong mountain, Mai Kaeo mountain and Prai Bang Toa mountain. The highest peak
is about 1,077 meters about the sea level which is the origin of the important rivers
of Phang Nga province, namely Ta Kua Pa river and Phang Nga river and also consisting
of many small canals and streams. The Khao Lak - Lam Ru national park office is located
in the shore area nearby sea covering the rock beach ecological system,
sand beach and coral ecological system.
The Khao Lak - Lam Ru national park is located in the western coast of Andaman sea,
let it get an influence of southwestern monsoon wind and northeastern monsoon wind
which induce to have raining for almost all year round. It's two seasons, hot
season starting from January till April and raining season starting from May
till December which would have a lot of rainfall.
Flora and Fauna
The majority of the park is covered by Tropical evergreen forest, some is still pristine,
whereas in other areas human encroachment has altered the forest structure. In some places
the original forest has been completely replaced by fruit trees or rubber plantations.
The park also has some small areas of coastal habitat and small secluded sandy beaches.
Tropical evergreen forest, this occurs on the forested hills of Khao Lak.
In places with little human disturbance this forest is highly differentiated with;
a ground flora, an undergrowth of seedlings, then a canopy of three levels, lower,
intermediate and upper and above this a few emergent forest giants. The principle
tree species recorded include; Dipterocarpus sp., Alstonia scolaris, Anisoptera
costata, Michelia champaca, Syzygium sp., Hopea odorata, Mimusops elengi, several
palm (Palmae) species and Bamboo (Gramineae). This forest is also very rich in
epiphytes such as Orchids and ferns, and snaking between the trees are Lianes
and many climbers including Rattans.
In small patches near the coast the forest includes many marine tolerant species including; Barringtonia asiatica, Anacardium occidentale and Pandanus odoratissimus.